Panola

PEOPLE

Robert Miles

Robert Miles provided leadership during the Civil Rights Movement in the city of Batesville. Miles worked with COFO to register black voters. Miles's leadership came with a huge sacrifice of safety. He received threatening calls, and in 1967 local residents fired shots at his house. As the black community became politically active, Miles was seen as a key endorser of candidates. He was also the first black candidate to run for County Board of Supervisors.

Sources:

Wirt, Frederick M. "Politics and Southern Equality."Chicago: Aldine Publishing (1970).

Wirt, Frederick M. "We Ain't What We Was."Durham: Duke University Press (1997).

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EVENTS

White Citizen’s Council of Panola County

In 1955 a local chapter of the White Citizens’ Council was created, but for the most part the group was inactive, not meeting regularly.

Sources:

Wirt, Frederick M. “Politics and Southern Equality.”Chicago: Aldine Publishing (1970).

Wirt, Frederick M. “We Ain’t What We Was.”Durham: Duke University Press (1997).

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GROUPS

COFO of Panola County

Around forty, volunteers came to Panola County to register black citizens to vote and to set up “freedom schools.”The volunteers were a diverse group including law students, nurses, and ministers. Most of the volunteers stayed just for the summer of 1964. That summer the COFO volunteers and black activists faced harassing threats and prosecutions by law enforcement, along with assaults by white citizens.

Sources:

Wirt, Frederick M. “Politics and Southern Equality.”Chicago: Aldine Publishing (1970).

Wirt, Frederick M. “We Ain’t What We Was.”Durham: Duke University Press (1997).

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DOCUMENTS

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