Grenada

PEOPLE

Winters Knott

Winters Knott was a black civil rights worker in Grenada.  He was arrested on October 28, 1966, with a group of civil rights workers.

Source:
http://crdl.usg.edu/people/k/knott_winters/

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PLACES

Movie Theatre

On June 23, a group of students was arrested after they attempted to buy tickets for the white section of the movie theater. These arrests led to the "open city campaign"during which civil rights workers and citizens tried to integrate everything in town. Teams went to restaurants, motels, and other businesses. Civil rights suits were filed under the Civil Rights Act against non-complying establishments. A few weeks later, the GCFM presented demands to Grenada for desegregation, better voter registration, and equal employment. A boycott of white businesses began until the demands were met.

Sources:

http://www.crmvet.org/info/grenada.htm

http://www.usm.edu/crdp/html/transcripts/manuscript-neely_jasper.shtml

Dittmer, John. Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Urbana, Ill. University of Illinois Press, 1994.

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EVENTS

March Against Fear

The March Against Fear, begun by James Meredith and continued by Stokely Carmichael, Dr. Martin Luther King, and others, arrived in Grenada on June 15, 1966.  After Dr. King spoke to a group of 200 people, they all marched to the town square to register to vote. It was this event that sparked a long and eventful movement in Grenada.

Source:
http://www.crmvet.org/info/grenada.htm

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GROUPS

Grenada County Schools

The first day of school was postponed multiple times by whites trying to delay the integration. Four hundred and fifty black students registered to attend white schools, but only 200 attempted to attend the first day because the others were threatened with loss of jobs and evictions. Black students trying to integrate were attacked by mobs of whites, who beat some of the children. Eventually, the students had to assemble at Bellflower and be marched with adults to the school. Students were harassed when they began school. There was a walkout of the white schools to protest the continuing harassment. The boycott lasted for 11 days. Most of the black students attending the black schools boycotted their schools as well. By the end of the school year, Grenada had the most African-Americans attending formerly white schools than any other rural MS county.

Sources:

http://www.crmvet.org/info/grenada.htm

http://www.usm.edu/crdp/html/transcripts/manuscript-neely_jasper.shtml

Dittmer, John. Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Urbana, Ill. University of Illinois Press, 1994.

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DOCUMENTS

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